Literature Evaluation Table

Literature Evaluation Table

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CriteriaArticle 1Article 2Article 3Article 4
Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and Permalink or Working Link to Access Article  Brunston, M Journal: BMJ, J., & Garvey, W.T Journal: Current Obesity Reports  Haw, J.S. et al… Journal: JAMA Intern Med, A. E. et al. Journal: Current Obesity Reports
Article Title and Year Published  Effect of antihypertensive treatment at different blood pressure levels in patients with diabetes mellitus: systematic review and meta-analyses. Year 2016  Weight loss and the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes using lifestyle therapy, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery: Mechanisms of action Year, 2015Long-term Sustainability of Diabetes Prevention Approaches: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials  Hyperglycemic crises in adult patients with diabetes.    Year 2009
Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes/Aim of Study  Aim. To assess the impact of antihypertensive treatment on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in diabetics at varying levels of blood pressure.  Is weight loss,   highly effective as a basic interventional strategy in the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes? The study aims to estimate total  long-term effects of diverse diabetes prevention strategies on the incidence of diabetesWhat are the factors that lead to insulin omission in younger patients with diabetes?
Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative)  QuantitativeQuantitativeQuantitativeQualitative
Setting/Sample  100 people with diabetes and had been treated for a year or moreLaboratory evaluation diabetes patientsRandomized clinical trials which evaluated  medication interventions and lifestyle modification for diabetes prevention in adultsLaboratory evaluation of patients with diabetes to determine blood urea, blood glucose nitrogen, and creatinine, electrolytes
Methods: Intervention/Instruments  Meta-analysis and systemic review of randomized controlled trialsRandomized controlled trialsSystematic search on  EMBASE, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE,and Web of Science databasesTechnical review  of recent peer-reviewed articles
Analysis  Meta-regression analysisSystematic review and meta-analysisRandom-effects meta-analysesAxial Coding
Key Findings  Anti-hypertensive treatment was seen to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality risksLifestyle therapy and biomedical interventions can prevent in the control of diabetesThere was aggregate relative risks of diabetes in control participants versus treatment participantsHospitalizations for Diabetic ketoacidosis in the United States have increased significantly
Recommendations  Diabetes patients should be given antihypertensive treatmentsLifestyle therapy and biomedical interventions should be used to prevent diabetes from degenerating into uncontrolled diabetesBoth lifestyle and medical modification are important in prevention of diabetes in adultsResources should be spent towards identifying symptoms of uncontrolled diabetes
Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone Project  Supports by showing how antihypertensive treatment can help in management of diabetesSupports several interventions such as weight loss on the management of diabetesIllustrates how biomedical and lifestyle modifications can help in management or prevention of diabetesSupports resource allocation for management of uncontrolled diabetes
CriteriaArticle 5Article 6Article 7Article 8
Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and Permalink or Working Link to Access Article    Menke, A., Orchard., T.J., Imperatore, G., Bullard, K.M., Mayer-Davis E., Cowie, C.C Journal: Epidemiology  Polonsky, K.S Journal: New England Journal of Medicine, G., & Pasquel, F. Journal: Diabetes Care, Y; Hu, X; Zhang, Q, &  Zou, R.
Article Title and Year Published  The prevalence of type 1 diabetes in the United States   Year, 2013The Past 200 Years in Diabetes,   Year, 2012Management of inpatient hyperglycemia and diabetes in older adults. Year, 2017Diabetes mellitus and risk of falls in older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.    Journal Age and ageing, Year 2016
Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes/Aim of Study  Purpose of the study is to examine the prevalence of diabetes type 1 in the United StatesTo examine the history of diabetes in the United States in the last 200 yearsTo examine prevalence of hyperglycemia and diabetes in the elderly population. 
Design (Type of Quantitative, or Type of Qualitative)  QuantitativeQualitativeQualitativePubMed and Embase databases search
Setting/Sample  Laboratory evaluation diabetes patientsLiterature reviewLiterature ReviewA combination of laboratory tests , medical history or use of anti-diabetic drugs were used to ascertain diabetes mellitus
Methods: Intervention/Instruments  Randomized controlled trialsNoneNoneRandom-effects model  
Analysis  Meta-regression analysisNoneNoneSystematic review and meta-analysis
Key Findings  Diabetes type 1 is more prevalent in the united states than Diabetes insipidusPrevalence of Diabetes in the United States has increased in the last 35 yearsThere is a relationship between inpatient hyperglycemia and poor clinical outcome regarding overall complicationsOlder patients with diabetes mellitus are at a greater risk of falls, and this is more pronounced in insulin-treated patients.
Recommendations  Early treatment of diabetes before it degenerates into uncontrolled levelsLifestyle changes to prevent diabetesGoal-directed  management of glycaemia  can avoid uncontrolled hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia and their complications in  patients with diabetesCareful glycemic control can reduce the risk of falls in older patients with diabetes
Explanation of How the Article Supports EBP/Capstone  Supports by focusing on early treatment if diabetesSupports by recommending lifestyle change as a method of diabetes managementSupports by suggesting methods of dealing with hyperglycemia and hypoglycemiaSupports by focusing on how the safety of older patients with diabetes can be ensured

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